Bolzano

In no other place in South Tyrol as in Bolzano, the meeting of different cultures is so evident. Our tour begins with the cappuccino served in the square, in the central Piazza Walther, in the midst of the bustle of the vibrant city, overlooking the Duomo, much of it in late Gothic style. We then walk in the central area of ​​the city, under the arcades, with shops that have a long tradition alongside other more modern ones, that wind one after another to Piazza delle Erbe, with its offer of fresh fruit and vegetables. many other South Tyrolean specialties. At every corner, restaurants, cafes, museums and churches invite you to savor and enjoy every moment of the day.

Thanks to the Renon cable car, Bolzano can be reached from the Ritten in just 12 minutes. The valley cableway station is located near the historic center: in about ten minutes walk you can reach Piazza Walther and be enchanted by the unique charm of the merchant city built in the early twelfth century.

A visit to Bolzano can not avoid visiting the famous mummy Ötzi, the ice man. This mummy of the Similaun, also known as the Man of the Similaun or Man of the Hauslabjoch, is an anthropological find found on 19 September 1991 in the Ötztal Alps, at the foot of the homonymous mountain (Similaun glacier, 3,213 m asl) on the border between Italy (Val Senales in South Tyrol) and Austria (the Ötztal in Tyrol) and for this reason contended for several years by the two nations.

This is the body of a male human, dating back to an age between 3300 and 3100 BC (copper age), preserved thanks to the particular climatic conditions inside the glacier (in Siberia, preserved mammoths have been found under similar conditions). The osteocyte examination placed the age of death between 40 and 50 years. From studies carried out, the hypothesis was born that man could be from the Bressanone area.

The discovery was made by the German spouses Erika and Helmut Simon of Nuremberg during an excursion, which took place between 19 September and 22 September 1991 [13] at the Italian-Austrian border, on the Hauslabjoch. The attribution of the name Man of the Similaun or also Man of the Hauslabjoch, derives from the registered toponym closest to the place of discovery, precisely the Similaun.

Initially it was thought that it could be a mountaineer who disappeared in recent times, so that the Austrian gendarmerie was activated. During the recovery, started without particular precautions of conservation, were damaged parts of the body (external tissues, left femur in a serious and genital) and human equipment.

Now the mummy is kept in the Archaeological Museum of South Tyrol, in a special structure that maintains the conditions of conservation while allowing observation. The body is stored in a room with about 99.6% humidity and -6 ° C. Every two months a specialized doctor sprays on the mummy of distilled water, which freezes form a protective patina and returns 0.4 ~ 0.5% of the missing moisture. The mummy is only visible through a window of about 30 × 40 cm.

 

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